Surface Mount Technology (SMT) is the method used to paste and solder components directly to circuit boards using automated production lines. An electrical component mounted in this way is referred to as a surface-mount device (SMD).
The majority of available electronic components can be mounted on circuit boards using this technology and it allows components to be mounted on both sides of a circuit board without the need to drill holes through it.
Surface Mount Technology is used for products that range from USB flash drives and smartphones to medical devices and portable navigation systems.
As the most common PCB assembly process, it comes with a multitude of benefits. This guide will help you to understand the many benefits of choosing SMT as part of your PCB manufacturing.
Benefits of using SMT include:
- Greater density of component mounting
- Easy manufacture of ever-smaller, lighter and more powerful PCBs
- Faster assembly rate than through hole insertion
- Well suited to complex and unique PCB assembly requirements
- Reduction of mechanical heat and noise
- Greater reliability
- Significant cost savings
Surface Mount Technology - Higher Component Density
The automation of the Surface Mount Technology process means a greater density of component mounting can be achieved - i.e. a large number of components and connections per component can be placed on small circuit boards. This allows for much greater efficiency within the manufacturing process of much smaller PCBs.
A much higher density of connections on the circuit boards is possible because there are no holes to block the routing space. As more components can be closer together on the circuit board, the PCB design can be much more lightweight and compact.
SMT electronics assembly allows for the manufacture of products with ever smaller dimensions. As such, very small and sensitive components, such as resistors and diodes, can be quickly and effectively mounted on circuit boards.
SMT is a perfect technique for complex and unique assembly requirements. In addition, it is also highly customisable and comes with the power and flexibility to meet these types of PCB assembly demands.
Cost Savings Through Surface Mount Technology
One of the greatest benefits of using Surface Mount Technology is the cost savings which can be made at all stages of the manufacturing process, when used as an alternative to Through Hole Assembly. These include:
- Lower initial cost and set-up time for mass production
- Faster automated assembly leads to reduced production time
- Greater uniformity in component soldering means less room for error
- Many SMT parts cost less than through hole parts
- Reduced labour costs
The Surface Mount Technology Process
The SMT assembly process, which is used by the electronics experts at MPE, follows this method:
- Solder paste is applied on the board through a solder paste printer, using a template (also known as a stencil or solder screen) to ensure it is accurately applied to those places where components will be mounted. An inspection will pick up any defects and the printing reworked or the solder paste washed off prior to second printing.
- The PCB is then sent to the pick-and-place machine where components or ICs are mounted on to their corresponding pads via component reels in the machine.
- Once all the components are in place the board goes through reflow soldering, passing through a furnace, causing the solder paste to liquefy and bind the SMD components to the board.
Our machines will check that the part used in the assembly process matches its specification and, when the PCB is populated, high speed Automatic Optical Inspection (AOI) machines can verify that the part fitted to the PCB is in the right place and matches not only the specification but is also soldered correctly.
Talk To Us About Your PCB Assembly Requirements
At MPE Electronics, we take product quality very seriously, using the latest equipment and systems to make sure PCB assemblies meet client specifications.
High quality products guaranteed with our contract PCB assembly service – from pre-manufacture, auto surface mount assembly and through hole assembly, to inspection and testing.
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